Just the Facts: Tanzania


The United Republic of Tanzania is a nation in central East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.

The United Republic of Tanzania is a unitary republic composed of 26 mikoa (regions). The current head of state is President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, elected in 2005. Since 1996, the official capital of Tanzania has been Dodoma, where parliament and some government offices are located.

Between independence and 1996 the major coastal city of Dar es Salaam had been the country's political capital. Today Dar es Salaam remains the principal commercial city of Tanzania and the de-facto seat of most government institutions. It is the major seaport for the country and its landlocked neighbors.

The name Tanzania is a portmanteau of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The two states united in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which later the same year was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.

  1. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanzania


  1. BulletTotal population: 39,459,000

  2. BulletGross national income per capita (PPP international $): 980

  3. BulletLife expectancy at birth m/f (years): 50/51

  4. BulletHealthy life expectancy at birth m/f (years, 2003): 40/41

  5. BulletProbability of dying under five (per 1 000 live births): 118

  6. BulletProbability of dying between 15 and 60 years m/f (per 1 000 population): 518/493

  7. BulletTotal expenditure on health per capita (Intl $, 2006): 45

  8. BulletTotal expenditure on health as % of GDP (2006): 5.5

  9. Source: US State Department, figures are for 2006


  1. BulletThe under-five mortality rate in 2006 was 118 out of 1,000.

  2. BulletLife expectancy at birth in 2006 was 50 years.

  3. BulletThe 15-60 year old adult mortality rate in 2006 was 518 out of 1,000 males and 493 out of 1,000 females.

  4. BulletThe leading cause of death in children who survive the neonatal period is malaria. For adults, it is HIV/AIDS. Anti-retroviral treatment coverage for people with advanced HIV infection in 2006 was 14 percent.

  5. Bullet2006 data show that 55 percent of the population had sustainable access to improved drinking water sources and 33 percent had sustainable access to improved sanitation.

  6. Source: World Health Organization( 2006 and 2009)

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